LIBERAL EDUCATION REQUIREMENTS
The Council of Liberal Education
(CLE) requirements apply to all students regardless of college enrollment.
The CLE requirements have two parts; the Diversified Core and the Designated
One course of at least three credits in each of the following:
One course of at least four credits, with a laboratory or field
experience, in each of the following:
A minimum of one course of at least three credits in each of
the following thematic areas:
Life and Ethics
• Diversity & Social
Justice in the US
• Technology & Society
Courses may be certified for both a Core and a Theme if the theme
is fully infused into the Core course.
Students are required
to take four WI courses in addition to freshman writing as currently
required by various units and offered by English, Rhetoric, and General
College. To avoid multiplying requirements, many (but not all) WI courses
will be those already fulfilling Liberal Education Core and Theme requirements.
At least two of the four required courses must be taken at the 3-level
or above. It is expected that, at a minimum, one upper division WI course
will be offered within each major or program area. More than one WI course
per major is certainly encouraged, especially in the case of majors with
few electives. Upper division WI courses whose primary focus is writing
instruction will count as fulfilling two of the four WI requirements;
such courses cannot substitute, however, for freshman writing or for
the one course minimum WI requirement in each major or program area.
Useful Site Regarding Writing Requirements
The Center for Writing http://writing.umn.edu/
All of the Advanced Chemistry Labs are Writing Intensive (Chem 4094,
4111, 4223, 4311, 4423, 4511, and 4711)
The courses listed below are possible electives and are not necessarily
recommended courses. You may wish to choose an area of study in which
you wish to concentrate your elective courses. Below are some possible
options. It is recommended that you consult an advisor as to selection
of possible courses. If you are unsure of the content of a course, you
should go to the department offering the course to obtain a course syllabus.
Students who wish to teach Chemistry at the Junior and Senior High School
level should consult with the Education Student Affairs Office in the
College of Education 625-6501 and review the Education Bulletin for requirements.
The College of Education's postbaccalaureate programs are for individuals
with bachelor's degrees who want to become licensed K-12 teachers. Postbaccalaureate
students are admitted to the science education program on the basis of:
- fully developed knowledge base in the life, earth, or physical sciences,
degree with a 2.5 GPA overall and in major course work,
- A writing
sample addressing philosophy of science education and professional
- Two letters of recommendation, and
- Work or volunteer experience with
students that demonstrates commitment to teaching.
Chemistry And Business
The Carlson School's Management Minor provides an excellent opportunity
for students to gain a broad exposure to the basic elements of business
and management. Adding a Management Minor to your current major enhances
your preparation for professional school (e.g. Law, MBA) or for entering
a career upon graduation. The Management
Minor is available to students
in all majors. Applications for admission to the Management Minor are
accepted in the Fall or Spring semester. Deadlines are April 1 for Fall
semester and November 1 for Spring semester.
General eligibility requirements
- Completion of the following courses:
Econ 1101, Microeconomics (4cr)
Math 1031, College Algebra (4 cr) (An advanced math course will also
meet the requirement)
OMS 1550, Business Statistics (4cr) (or Stat 3011, 3021, or 3022, Psych
4801, or Soc 3811)
(Macroeconomics is also recommended but not required)
- A 3.0 GPA or
higher (in some cases, students with a GPA lower than 3.0 may be
- Applicants are asked to submit a paragraph with their
application explaining their interest in the minor and how it fits
into their educational and career goals.
Minor requirements include:
- Acct 2050, Introduction to Financial Accounting (4cr)
- 12 credits chosen
from the list below:
Acct 3001, Introduction to Managerial Accounting (3cr)
Fina 3001, Finance Fundamentals (3cr)
HRIR 3021, Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations (3cr)
IDSc 3001, Information Systems for Business Processes and Management
Mgmt 3001, Principles of Management (3cr)
Mktg 3001, Principles of Marketing (3cr)
OMS 3001, Operations Management (3cr)
All coursework must be completed with a C- or better. No more than one
course may be transferred from outside the University of Minnesota to
fulfill minor requirements. Transfer courses may be accepted for prerequisite
courses upon review and are not included in two-course limit. The Institute
of Technology recommends its students take Mgmt 3001, Mktg 3001, Fina
3001, and Acct 3001.
Chemistry And The Environment:
and Natural Resources (ENR) minor provides students
in programs such as biology, education, journalism, political science,
and others with the basic understanding to recognize, evaluate and develop
solutions to a range of environmental problems. Students are encouraged
to focus their coursework on either (1) Environmental Management and
Policy or (2) Environmental Science. Students interested in the minor
should visit their website.
Chemistry And The Food Industry:
For an undergraduate minor in food science you will need to take a minimum
of 20 credits from the list of courses below. Many of the listed courses
have prerequisites which do not count towards the 20 credits.
FScN 1102 Food: Safety Risks and Technology (3cr)
FScN 3102 Introduction to Food Science (3cr)
FScN 4111 Food Chemistry (3cr)
FScN 4121 Food Micro and Fermentations (3cr)
FScN 4122 Lab in Micro and Fermentations (2cr)
FScN 4131 Food Quality
FScN 4312 Food Analysis (4cr)
FScN 4332 Food Processing Operations (3cr)
FScN 4xxx Food Science Elective with a Capstone designation (3-4cr)
BAE 4744 Engineering Principles for Biological Scientists (4cr)
To declare a minor in Food Science, contact Robin
Professional Advisor for Food Science and Nutrition, 612-625-9858.
To declare a minor in Biochemistry, Biology, Microbiology, or Plant Biology,
complete the online form at http://www.cbs.umn.edu/students/cbs-minors
Beyond the required Math needed in the CSE Chemistry program: 1271, 1272,
You will need to take Math 2283 and two 4xxx or 5xxx level courses.
GENERAL ADVISING INFORMATION AND COMMON QUESTIONS
CSE - A student earning a bachelor's degree must complete
30 credits after admission to CSE, of which at least 20 credits must
be completed in the Sr. year.
CLA - 20 of the last 30 credits must be completed in CLA at the University
of Minnesota-Twin Cities campus.
Chemistry - At least 10 credits of advanced chemistry courses of which
at least one lab course must be taken at the University of Minnesota.
What is the difference between Lower and Upper Division?
In CLA you are considered to be in Upper Division after
you have declared your major. In CSE, you are considered to be in Upper
Division when you have more than 60 credits.
When should you declare your major
Students are eligible to apply for Chemistry major status once they have met the following minimum requirements: Completion of the following courses by the application deadline(s) (December 30 and May 25) with a minimum (unbracketed) technical GPA of 2.0. For Chem 1062 and 2301, minimum grades of C are required. For the other courses listed, minimum grades of C- are required. Note: "Unbracketed" means that all attempts at a course (which resulted in a letter grade of A - F) are factored into the GPA. Courses taken at other institutions may fulfill degree requirements; however, they will not be included in the technical GPA calculation.
• Chem 1061 (lecture) and 1065 (lab)
• Chem 1062 (lecture), and 1066 (lab)
• Chem 2301 (organic chemistry lecture)
• Math 1271 or 1371 (Calculus I)
• Math 1272 or 1372 (Calculus II)
• Math 2263 or 2374 (Multivariable Calculus)
• Physics 1201W or 1301W
• Physics 1202W or 1302W
How do you apply to Upper Division
CLA – Attend a Premajor Information Session or meet with an advisor in the Chemistry Department (135 Smith Hall) and submit the two page major application by the deadline(s) (December 30 and May 25).
CSE - Students should apply in the College Office 105 Lind Hall during the fourth semester or upon completion of a minimum of 47 credits of coursework. The application will permit you to list your first, second and third choices for a major. Students who do not meet upper division admission requirements may not be permitted to continue in CSE upon completion of lower division coursework.
Double Major In CSE
Students interested in having two majors (in CSE) may
submit a petition to 128 Lind Hall requesting the addition of the second
major. (Be sure to attach a transcript.) Your computer record will carry
both major codes which you may need to enter controlled courses. The
transcript will also show both majors. You may receive both degrees at
the same time or one before the other. Be sure to keep in contact with
both departments regarding individual departmental requirements.
Second Major In Another College
Degrees from other colleges can be obtained at the same
time or by completing the degree in one college before transferring to
the other college for that degree. Keep in mind that most colleges have
residency requirements, i.e. minimum number of credits taken in that
college. If the other college (or CSE) is willing to waive the residency
requirement you may pursue and receive both bachelor's degrees at the
same time. If you stay in CSE, you will need to provide transcripts to
the other department and college with which you are working. Be sure
to apply for both degrees.
Some colleges have special requirements for their
degrees (such as a foreign language), that you may not wish to complete.
Nevertheless recognition may be earned for completion of requirements
for a "major" in
a particular subject of a college. The procedure for formal recognition
of that work in CLA is as follows:
Pick up the major program from the appropriate department. Keep the
After applying for your CSE degree, bring the form and a transcript to
the appropriate CLA Upper Division Office.
Bring your final grades to the upper division office. The following statement
will then be posted to your record after the CSE degree: "Also fulfills
the course requirements of a (major name) in (subject) as of (date).
Fulfillment of these requirements does not imply fulfillment of the graduation
requirements of the College of Liberal Arts."
Receive a minor in a different college
A number of departments offer minors and it may be worth your time to
check with the department you are interested in. Receive a minor program
form from the proposed minor department. This form should list the courses
that fulfill the requirements for the minor. After you complete all the
course work for your minor, and have paid your graduation fee in your
college, bring a current transcript and your minor program form to the
appropriate college office. You may also need to complete an "Application
for Minor in a Second College" form. It is also possible to receive
a Management Minor through the Carlson School of Management. For more
information see the Office of the Center for the Development of Technological
Leadership in 107 Lind Hall.
Exemption For Industrial Work
It is possible to receive exemption for industrial work for specific
courses but not in place of directed studies. Formal permission must
be received from the Director of Undergraduate Studies and the Coordinator
of the specialty area whose course is to be exempted and a total of up
to 5 credits will be the maximum awarded for outside work. A letter from
the job supervisor must accompany the request.
Testing out of a course
Students may apply to take Special Examinations for any University course
in which they feel adequately prepared. Students need to apply in their
college office. The cost is $30 per examination.
How do you get on the Dean's List
In CLA there are two Dean's Lists. The first is the All A's List. The
second is the 2/3rds A List. In IT, students whose academic performance
each term places them in the top 10% of their respective class qualify
for the Dean's List. Students must complete 12 credits or more to be
eligible. The credits may be completed in day school or extension. Only
A-F grading, of the minimum 12 credits, is used in considering who is
on the Dean's List.
First Day of Class
All students must attend the first class meeting of every course in
which they are registered. Those students who fail to attend the first
meeting of either the lecture or lab will forfeit their place. If it
is not possible to be there on the first day, notify the instructor and/or
appropriate departmental office prior to the first day. Due to the high
demand for chemistry courses it is important for the Chemistry Department
to strictly enforce the regulation requiring attendance on the first
day of class.
Use of Petitions
CLA - Request for amendment of major program forms are used when a CLA
student needs to make changes to the required chemistry curriculum. These
forms need the department approval. Students wishing to make amendments
should see a Chemistry Advisor.
CSE - Petition forms are available in either 105 Lind
Hall or 135 Smith Hall and are used to seek approval for that which falls
outside of regular policy matters. Petitions may be used to, change a
major, add a major, to repeat a course in which you have received a grade
of C or higher, to substitute a course to fulfill a requirement, to change
the grading system for a course after the first two weeks of the quarter
due to unusual circumstances. You must attach a transcript if the petition
deals with: a.) Liberal Education requirements, b.) Change of Major,
c.) Adding a Major, d.) Transfer of credits to IT. Petitions should be
dropped off in boxes across from 105 Lind Hall. Results will be processed
within 1-2 weeks and mailed to students. In general it is good advice
to file a petition for any requirement change, substitution, or exemption
to your degree program.
All Chemistry majors need to have a one-year plan on file in the Chemistry
Advising Office (135 Smith Hall) prior to Fall Registration. This is
the only way to receive computer approval. To register by computer go
Departmental Policy on I Grade
The policy of the Chemistry Department
is that a student may request an incomplete only when (a) he or she has
a University sanctioned excuse for missing the final exam and (b) he
or she is passing the course based on all other graded components. Assignment
of an I requires that the instructor and student sign a contract, available
in the Departmental undergraduate office, stipulating the procedure by
which the I grade will be made up (e.g., taking a final exam from another
instructor in the next semester). Failure to complete successfully the
procedure outlined in the contract will result in the I being administratively
changed by the University Registrar to an F or N (depending on the grade
base) one calendar year from the end of the semester for which the I
grade was granted.
Students will not be permitted to repeat an entire
course without registering.
See the College Bulletin for further information.
ORGANIZATION OF DEPARTMENT'S UNDERGRADUATE TEACHING FUNCTION
In case you experience problems in a course it is important to know
the proper avenue to proceed with questions and complaints. If the problem
is with a faculty member in a lecture or lab course you should first
try to resolve it with the faculty member directly. If this is not appropriate
or satisfactory proceed next to the Director of Undergraduate Studies
(135 Smith Hall 624-8008). If the problem is still not resolved you should
go to the Vice-Chair of the department (schedule appointments in the
General Chemistry/Records Office, 115 Smith Hall 624-0026). The final
authority at the department level is the department Chair (139 Smith
Hall 624-6000). In the unlikely event that you wish to take the problem
beyond the department you should contact the IT Dean's Office (105 Walter
Library 624-2006) or the Student Ombuds Service (SOS) (102 Johnston Hall
626-0891) or the Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action Office (419
Morrill Hall 624-9547).
If the problem is with a teaching assistant you should first (if appropriate)
try to solve it directly with the teaching assistant and next with the
laboratory faculty instructor or appropriate Head TA. The General Chemistry
Head TA may be contacted through the General Chemistry/Records Office
or at 624-3803. If the problem cannot be resolved at this level you should
take it to the Vice-Chair of the department. If the problem still is
not resolved you should follow the procedure described beyond the Vice-Chair
in the previous section.
GRADUATION AND BEYOND
How do you apply for Graduation
All students must submit an application for Graduation
online at http://onestop.umn.edu/onestop/Graduating/Degree_Application_Procedures.html
The APAS form is used to clear you for graduation. Be sure to check
this form well in advance of your graduation and clear all discrepancies
prior to your final term. CLA Students Only - B-18 Johnston needs a final
Degree Program Form filed with them to certify that you have completed
all of the requirements.
You must apply with your college office to take part
How can I get job related experience while in school
Chemistry majors can check the job posting board outside of 135 Smith
Hall. This is updated as frequently as jobs come in. You should also
check the Career Services offices, OSLO, and the Office of Student Employment
in the Donhowe Building. If you are interested in research experience,
Directed Studies is a good opportunity. Another option is to do research
here or at another college during the summer of your junior year. This
is an excellent opportunity and a good way to check out potential Graduate
Schools. Postings for these positions can be found in 135 Smith Hall.
What are employers looking for
Companies are looking for students who have taken the appropriate classes
with reasonably good grades, have relevant job experience, and demonstrate
experience working with other people in such situations as extracurricular
activities. A research experience in the department can be very valuable
in landing you a job.
What's available in the Career Services Offices
Both Career Services Offices conduct workshops, their videotapes give
you tips on job hunting and resume writing, and their libraries contain
information on a number of companies. Individual counseling is also available.
These offices maintain lists of full-time, part-time, and summer jobs
and can keep your resume on file for company representatives to review.
CLA - Career & Community Learning Center
411 STSS 612-624-7577 and 240 Appleby Hall 612-626-2044
CSE - 105 Lind Hall 612-624-4090
How do you use the Career Services Offices
It is important that you plan ahead. Do not wait until
the year you are graduating. These offices provide numerous talks that
will benefit you in life long career issues. Also they have many postings
for part-time positions. When it comes time to get a full time job for
after you graduate realize that most companies visit in the Fall so they
can prepare their budgets for the coming year accordingly. Make sure
you are registered with them at the latest the spring prior to your final
year. You will need to pay a small fee when you register with the CSE
Career Services Office. The more students from Chemistry that register
with the Career Services Offices the better the chances are that companies
will find it worthwhile to visit the campus.
Where can I find career information
In addition to the Career Services Offices you can check material out
from the Chemistry Advising Office 135 Smith Hall on careers, companies,
and job hunting skills. Chem 2910, 2920 Special Topics in Chemistry is
a lunch hour seminar which features speakers from various departments
and from industry. This is a good way to find out the numerous opportunities
available to you with a chemistry degree.
The American Chemical Society is another great resource. Start by looking over their College to Career website. www.acs.org/CollegeToCareer.
After graduating some chemistry majors go on to graduate school to receive
an advanced degree and others begin their careers by working in the laboratories
of companies. These companies may be large or small and their products
are not necessarily chemicals, but consumer goods such as food, drugs
and clothing, or cosmetics. Other areas in which a chemist can work are
with the environment, energy, medical and regulatory agencies. The chemist
is often responsible for analyzing the materials used, designing new
modifications and developing entirely new products. Bachelors degrees
in chemistry can be used in a wide variety of ways.
AN ADVANCED DEGREE
With a Chemistry degree you have a number of options for an advanced
degree; medical, law, business, engineering or chemistry. However, in
deciding between full-time graduate study immediately after obtaining
the bachelors degree and full-time employment, you must consider a number
of personal factors: abilities, career goals, financial resources, motivation.
Some important questions to consider when thinking about attending graduate
Why do I want to attend graduate school?
What are my plans after graduate school?
What are my goals, objectives, and expectations for graduate work?
How will a graduate degree affect my future career plans and goals?
Have I given enough thought to the type of degree I want to pursue-MS,
MBA, PhD, JD, etc?
How will I survive financially while in graduate school?
Do I enjoy rigorous academic work that requires total time and effort?
Are my research skills such that I can define, implement, and carry out
an original research project?
Do I qualify for admission on the basis of my grade point average, test
scores, and/or educational prerequisites?
When should you begin making plans for graduate school
The sooner the better, and definitely by spring of the junior year of
undergraduate study. Far too many students wait until their senior year
to decide to pursue graduate study following graduation. Waiting until
the senior year can limit one's opportunities and eliminate some choices
of programs such as medicine, law, dentistry, and fellowships, which
often require that some materials be filed during the junior year. During
the early part of your junior year, gather information about the particular
school or program of interest, take the appropriate admission test, and
start a credential file. For those students who are already seniors or
recent graduates, it's never too late. Get started by making applications
and following through on the application process.
How do you evaluate the institutions and academic programs
There are many factors to consider when selecting the proper graduate
school, such as whether your interest lies in chemistry, engineering,
business, law, medicine, or another field. Where you do your graduate
work can make a real difference in the value of your credentials upon
receiving an advanced degree. So seek out those programs that have earned
a reputation for excellence in you particular area of interest. Some
questions to ask about the university or program you are considering:
Does the faculty exhibit special strengths and research qualities through
their graduate advisees, published works, and funded research?
Are the libraries, laboratories, computers, and other research facilities
adequate for you educational needs?
Are the graduates of the school or program sought by recruiters?
Does the department of interest offer sufficiently large and varied curriculum
to allow you a broad offering of courses and options?
How senior are the professors in your area, what are their interests,
and what will their availability be?
What are the degree requirements?
Will I have to do a thesis/dissertation?
Is financial support available?
How long will it take for me to complete my program?
How are the advisors assigned and selected?
Will I have a choice in who my major advisor will be?
Are study space or office carrels available for graduate students?
The national reputation of a school is determined by the quality of its
faculty, library holdings, research facilities, and the success of its
Considering Chemistry Graduate School
Did you know that you get paid to go to graduate school
in Chemistry? As a PhD or Masters student you receive a stipend of around
$23,000 a year in most chemistry departments to be a TA (Teaching Assistant)
or RA (Research Assistant) and tuition is generally waived. If you are
interested in pursuing an advanced degree you can speak to an advisor
and also attend talks on applying for Graduate Schools usually in the
fall semester. It is best to apply in December of your Senior year; taking
your GRE's (Graduate Records Exam) in October of the Senior year. To
be considered for University Fellowships, which would include additional
stipends to top students, you should have your application completed
as early as possible during your Senior year and it is very important
to have taken the GRE exam. Most applications include the following:
- Complete transcripts from all schools
- Two or three letters of recommendation
- GRE's (General and Subject)
varies with each school
- Individual school's application
- Personal statement
There are several National Fellowships for graduate study and these
will go to the top students. Check with the chemistry advising
office and the University Graduate Fellowship Office (313 Johnston
Hall 625-7579) for information and application deadlines.
Graduate degrees in chemistry enable students to specialize in a particular
subfield such as organic, inorganic, physical, biological, or analytical.
Both the Masters and Ph.D. provide training for research positions. Generally,
the Ph.D. prepares students for higher-level research and administrative
positions and is considered the usual requirement for teaching or research
positions in colleges and universities.
ENRICHMENT OPPORTUNITIES AND PROGRAMS
Directed Studies Chem 2094 and 4094 Opportunities
exist for chemistry majors to do laboratory research for credit, helping
faculty members with their research. Credit assignments vary; normally
each credit earned requires 30 hours of academic work a semester. Check
Research Projects" on the departmental undergraduate website for
information on specific projects. There is no pay connected with this
work, but it gives students excellent laboratory experience. In order
to register for 4094 you must be upper division or be currently registered
for (or have already completed) an upper level Chemistry course. A written
report is required for a grade with all registrations for 4094. If you
are taking 2094 and doing library research you also need to do a written
UROP is a University program allowing students to work in conjunction
with faculty on faculty research. Financial awards to undergraduates
for research, scholarly, or creative projects include stipends (up to
$1400) and/or expense allowances (up to $300), for a maximum award of
$1,700. For more information and application material see the UROP Office
in 233 Appleby Hall, 625-3853 or at their website.
Particular attention should be paid to the deadlines for applications.
Students have had a high probability for success in receiving UROP support.
Summer Research Fellows The Department
of Chemistry supports a number of junior chemistry majors during the
summer to do research. Students who are interested in this opportunity
should check out the Heisig/Gleysteen Summer Research website.
ACS-Student Affiliates Chapter The objectives of the ACS-SA are to provide
an opportunity for students of chemistry, chemical engineering, and
related disciplines to become better acquainted, to secure the intellectual
stimulation that arises from professional association, to obtain experience
in preparing and presenting technical material before a chemical audience,
to instill a professional pride in the chemical disciplines, and to foster
an awareness of the responsibilities and challenges of the modern chemist.
As a member, you receive Chemical and Engineering News (C&E News
, a weekly short magazine on current chemical issues), the national Student
Affiliate newsletter, and other literature on books and publications.
Members also receive a large discount on scientific journals. The ACS,
with over 140,000 members, lists employment opportunities through a data
bank in Washington and the National Employment Clearing House at all
ACS National Meetings. For further information check out their website.
Chi Sigma Professional Chemical Fraternity 632 Ontario Street SE, Chemical
Sciences Professional Fraternity. This coed professional fraternity
brings together students of chemistry, chemical engineering, materials
science, biochemistry, and other chemistry related fields, both as friends
and as professional colleagues. Website is: http://www.axeb.org. Email
Outreach Program The Department of Chemistry is
involved in community outreach and welcomes any student involvement.
A group of undergraduate and graduate students along with faculty present
chemistry demonstrations to primary and secondary students in their
schools and at department sponsored events such as National Chemistry
Day to create an interest in the sciences. Volunteers go in groups
of at least three (depending on the size of the audience). All materials
are supplied and organized for a variety of demonstrations. There is
at least one visit a week throughout the academic year. You may volunteer
for as many as your schedule permits. If interested come to one of
the meetings we have the first or second week of the semester or check
out their website.
Society of Women Engineers (SWE) 107 Lind Hall.
SWE is a student chapter of the National Society of Women Engineers,
a professional organization for women in engineering and related fields.
SWE is open to anyone and sponsors many programs on campus each year.
Useful links for Chemistry Students
U of MN Science & Engineering Library http://sciweb.lib.umn.edu/
Chem Resources (including SciFinder Scholar, Beilstein, Dictionaries,
MSDS Database, ChemFinder, IUPAC & more) http://sciweb.lib.umn.edu/subjlist.phtml#chem
ACS Style Guide - Writing a Scientific Paper http://www.oup.com/us/samplechapters/0841234620/?view=usa
ISIS Draw http://www.mdli.com/
Periodic Table of the Elements
Tips For Effective Poster Presentations
Through the process of trial and error, scientific societies and veteran
poster presenters have come up with the following rules of thumb for
effective poster presentations.
1. Prepare a banner in very large type containing a descriptive title,
the authors, and their affiliations. This banner should be situated high
up on the poster so it can be seen above people's heads from a distance
of 15 to 20 feet.
2. Bracket the poster with an introduction at the beginning and a list
of conclusions at the end. Remember that many people will read only these
two parts of your poster.
3. Make the flow of information in a poster explicit with the use of
inch-high numerals. The flow of information should be organized in columns
running down the poster, not in rows running across it.
4. The poster should be self-explanatory, so that its main points will
be communicated even if you are not there. But don't load it down with
large amounts of methodological detail or lists of references. Curious
observers can ask you about these things directly.
5. Each illustration should have a prominent headline containing its
take-home message in just a few words. The text below the illustrations
should be in smaller type and should contain far more information than
the typical figure legend. Only the most interested readers will spend
time with this text.
6. Prepare a presentation of no more than five minutes (preferably two
to four minutes) to walk interested parties quickly through your poster.
7. Make the poster well in advance and practice it with your colleagues,
much as you would practice an oral presentation.
8. Taking into account Murphy's Law, bring extra push pins (not thumbtacks)
with you to the meeting. And consider making up two complete copies of
the poster. Mail one copy ahead or send it with a friend.
9. At the poster session, let people peruse you poster for 30 seconds
or a minute before approaching them to ask if you may lead them through
it. But don't be shy about introducing yourself, since the opportunity
to meet people is one of the major advantages of poster sessions.
10. If you have a preprint of a article already prepared, consider having
a supply ready at the poster session to hand out to people who are especially
interested. If not, take down names and addresses and offer to send the
preprint when it is ready.