STEIN RESEARCH GROUP

POROUS SOLIDS — NANOCOMPOSITES — SELF-ASSEMBLED FRAMEWORKS

 

Colloidal Crystal Templating of 3DOM Materials (Inverse Opals, Inverted Opals)

Invited review: Petkovich, N. D.; Stein, A.; "Controlling Material Macrostructures and Mesostructures through Combined Hard and Soft Templating", Chem. Soc. Rev. 2013, 42, 3721-3739.

Invited review: Stein, A.; Wilson, B. E.; Rudisill, S. G.; "Design and Functionality of Colloidal-Crystal-Templated Materials", Chem. Soc. Rev., 2013, 42, 2763-2803.

Rudisill, S. G.; Petkovich, N. D.; Venstrom, L. J.; Quan, T.; Hein, N.; Boman, D. B.; Davidson, J. H.; Stein, A.; "Enhanced oxidation kinetics in thermochemical cycling of CeO2 through templated porosity", J. Phys. Chem. C 2013, 117, 1692-1700.

Rudisill, S. G.; Wang, Z.; Stein, A.; "Maintaining the Structure of Templated Porous Materials for Reactive and High Temperature Applications", Langmuir 2012, 28, 7310-7324 (featured on journal cover).

Zhang, T.; Lai, C.-Z.; Fierke, M; Stein, A.; Buhlmann, P.; "Advantages and Limitations of Reference Electrodes with an Ionic Liquid Junction and Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Carbon as Solid Contact", Anal. Chem. 2012, 84, 7771-7778.

Fierke, M. A., Olson, E. J.; Buhlmann, P.; Stein, A.; "Receptor-Based Detection of 2,4-Dinitrotoluene using Modified Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Carbon Electrodes", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2012, 4, 4731-4739.

Venstrom, L.; Petkovich, N.; Rudisill, S.; Stein, A.; Davidson, J. H.; "The Effects of Morphology on the Oxidation of Ceria by Water and Carbon Dioxide", J. Sol. Energy Eng. 2012, 134, 011005/1-8.

Invited book chapter: Petkovich, N. D.; Stein, A.; "Colloidal Crystal Templating Approaches to Materials with Hierarchical Porosity", in Su, B.-L.; Sanchez, C.; Yang, X.-Y., Hierarchically Structured Porous Materials: from Nanoscience to Catalysis, Biomedicine, Optics and Energy, Wiley-VCH, 2012, Chapter 4, pp. 55-129.

Petkovich, N.D.; Rudisill, S.G.; Venstrom, L.J.; Boman, D.B.; Davidson, J.H.; Stein, A.; "Control of Heterogeneity in Nanostructured Ce1-xZrxO2 Binary Oxides for Enhanced Thermal Stability and Water Splitting Activity", J. Phys. Chem. C 2011, 115, 21022-21033.

Vu, A.; Stein, A.; "Multiconstituent Synthesis of LiFePO4/C Composites with Hierarchical Porosity as Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries", Chem. Mater. 2011, 23, 3237-3245.

Nagpal, P.; Josephson, D. P.; Denny, N. R.; DeWilde, J.; Norris, D. J.; Stein, A.; "Fabrication of Carbon/Refractory Metal Nanocomposites as Thermally Stable Metallic Photonic Crystals", J. Mater. Chem. 2011, 21, 10836-10843.

Li, F.; Stein, A.; "Functional Composite Membranes Based on Mesoporous Silica Spheres in a Hierarchically Porous Matrix", Chem. Mater. 2010, 22, 3790- 3797.

Aguirre, C.I.; Reguera, E.; Stein, A.; "Tunable Colors in Opals and Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals", Adv. Funct. Mater. 2010, 20, 2565-2578.

Fierke, M.A.; Lai, C.-Z.; Buhlmann, P.; Stein, A.; "Effects of Architecture and Surface Chemistry of Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Carbon Solid Contacts on Performance of Ion-Selective Electrodes", Anal. Chem. 2010, 82, 680-688.

Denny, N.R.; Li, F.; Norris, D.J; Stein, A.; In-situ high temperature TEM analysis of sintering in nanostructured tungsten and tungsten-molybdenum alloy photonic crystals", J. Mater. Chem. 2010, 20, 1538-1545.

Invited review article: Stein, A.; Wang, Z.; Fierke, M. A.; "Functionalization of Porous Carbon Materials with Designed Pore Architecture", Adv. Mater. 2009, 21, 265-293. (The Early View version of this paper was among the most downloaded papers from Adv. Mater. in November & December 2008).

Wang, Z.; Al-Daous, M. A.; Kiesel, E. R.; Li, F.; Stein, A.; "Design and Synthesis of 3D Ordered Macroporous ZrO2/Zeolite Nanocomposites", Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 2009, 120, 351-358.

Wang, Z.; Kiesel, E. R.; Stein, A.; "Silica-Free Syntheses of Hierarchically Ordered Macroporous Polymer and Carbon Monoliths with Controllable Mesoporosity", J. Mater. Chem. 2008, 18, 2194-2200.

Blanford, C. F.; Carter, C. B.; Stein, A.; "In-situ high-temperature electron microscopy of 3DOM metals and oxides", J. Mater. Sci. 2008, 43, 3539-3552.

Invited review article: Stein, A.; Li, F.; Denny, N. R.; “Morphological Control in Colloidal Crystal Templating of Inverse Opals, Hierarchical Structures and Shaped Particles”, Chem. Mater.2008, 20, 649-666.

Wang, Z.; Stein, A.; “Morphology Control of Carbon, Silica and Carbon/Silica Nanocomposites: From 3-D Ordered Macro-/Mesoporous Monoliths to Shaped Mesoporous Particles”, Chem. Mater. 2008, 20, 1029-1040.

Lytle, J. C.; Denny, N. R.; Turgeon, R. T.; Stein, A.; “Pseudomorphic Transformation of Inverse Opal Tungsten Oxide to Tungsten Carbide”, Adv. Mater. 2007, 19, 3682-3686.[Abstract]

Denny, N. R.; Han, S. E.; Norris, D. J.; Stein, A.; “Structural Effects of Thermal Emission on Monolithic Tungsten and Tungsten Alloy Photonic Crystals”, Chem. Mater. 2007, 19, 4563-4569.

Li, F.; Wang, Z.; Ergang, N. S.; Fyfe, C. A.; Stein, A.; “Controlling the Shape and Alignment of Mesopores by Confinement in Colloidal Crystals: Designer Pathways to Silica Monoliths with Hierarchical Porosity”, Langmuir 2007, 23, 3996-4004 (journal cover page).

Yu, D.; Wang, Z.; Ergang, N. S.; Stein, A.; “Surface Functionalization of Templated Porous Carbon Materials”, Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal. 2007,165, 365-368.[Abstract]

Wang, Z.; Li, F.; Ergang, N. S.; Stein, A.; “Effects of Hierarchical Architecture on Electronic and Mechanical Properties of Nanocast Monolithic Porous Carbons and Carbon-carbon Nanocomposites”, Chem. Mater. 2006, 18, 5543-5553.

Ergang, N. S.; Lytle, J. C.; Lee, K. T.; Oh, S. M.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; “Photonic Crystal Structures as a Basis for an Interpenetrating Electrochemical Cell System”, Adv. Mater. 2006, 18, 1750-1753.[Abstract]

Blanford, C. F.; Carter, C. B.; Stein, A.; “Determination of Void Arrangements in Inverse Opals by Transmission Electron Microscopy”, J. Phys.: Conf. Series 2006, 26, 264-267.

Wang, Z.; Ergang, N. S.; Al-Daous, M. A..; Stein, A.; “Synthesis and Characterization of Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Carbon/Titania Nanoparticle Composites”, Chem. Mater. 2005, 17, 6805-6813.

Denny, N. R.; Han, S.; Turgeon, R. T.; Lytle, J. C.; Norris, D. J.; Stein, A.; "Synthetic approaches toward tungsten photonic crystals for thermal emission", SPIE-Proceedings 2005, 6005, 60050501-60060513.

Ergang, N. S.; Lytle, J. C.; Yan, H.; Stein, A.; “The Effect of a Macropore Structure on Cycling Rates of LiCoO2J. Electrochem. Soc. 2005, 152, A1989-A1995.

Lee, K. T.; Lytle, J. C.; Ergang, N. S.; Oh, S. M.; Stein, A.; “Synthesis and Rate Performance of Monolithic Macroporous Carbon Electrodes for Lithium Secondary Batteries”, Adv. Funct. Mater. 2005, 15, 547-556.

Zhang, K.; Yan, H.; Stein, A.; Francis, L. F.; "Apatite Converted from 3-D Ordered Macroporous Sol-Gel Bioactive Glass (3DOM-BG) Particles", J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 2005, 88, 587-592.

Lytle, J. C.; Yan, H.; Turgeon, R. T.; Stein, A.; “Multistep, Low Temperature Pseudomorphic Transformations of Nanostructured Silica to Titania via a Titanium Oxyfluoride Intermediate”, Chem. Mater. 2004, 16, 3829-3837.

Lytle, J. C.; Yan, H.; Ergang, N. S.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; “Structural and electrochemical properties of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous tin(IV) oxide films”, J. Mater. Chem. 2004, 14, 1616-1622.

Toivola, Y.; Stein, A.; Cook, R. F.; "Depth-Sensing Indentation Response of Ordered Silica Foam", J. Mater. Res. 2004, 19, 260-271.

Blanford, C. F.; Carter, C. B.; Stein, A.; “A Method for Determining Void Arrangements in Inverse Opals”, J. Microscopy 2004, 216(3), 263-287.

Invited review chapter: Schroden, R. C.; Stein, A.; "3D Ordered Macroporous Materials", Colloids and Colloid Assemblies: Synthesis, Modification, Organization and Utilization of Colloid Particles, F. Caruso (ed.), Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2004, 465-493.[Abstract]

Stein, A.; Holland, B. T.; Blanford, C. F.; Yan, H.; "Synthesis of Macroporous Structures"; U. S. Patent 2004, 6,680,013.

Al-Daous, M. A.; Stein, A.; "Preparation and Catalytic Evaluation of Macroporous Crystalline Sulfated Zirconium Dioxide Templated with Colloidal Crystals", Chem. Mater. 2003, 15, 2638-2645.

Sokolov, S.; Stein, A.; "Preparation and Characterization of Macroporous γ-LiAlO2", Mater. Letters 2003, 57, 3593-3597.

Sokolov, S.; Bell, D.; Stein, A.; "Preparation and Characterization of Macroporous α-Alumina", J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 2003, 86, 1481-1486.

Yan, H.; Sokolov, S.; Lytle, J. C.; Stein, A.; Zhang, F.; Smyrl, W. H.; "Colloidal-Crystal-Templated Synthesis of Ordered Macroporous Electrode Materials for Lithium Secondary Batteries", J. Electrochem. Soc. 2003, 150, A1102-A1107.

Zhang, K.; Yan, H.; Bell, D. C.; Stein, A.; Francis, L. F.; "Effects of Materials Parameters on Mineralization and Degradation of Sol-gel Bioactive Glasses with 3D-ordered Macroporous (3DOM) Structures", J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 2003, 66A, 860-869.

Invited review chapter: Stein, A.; Schroden, R. C.; “Designing Porous Solids Over Multiple Pore Size Regimes” in Nanostructured Catalysts, edited by S. L. Scott, C. M. Crudden, C. W. Jones, Kluwer-Plenum series on Nanostructure Science and Technology Vol. 3, 2002, 257-276, Kluwer-Plenum: Dordrecht, Netherlands.[Abstract]

Schroden, R. C.; Al-Daous, M.; Sokolov, S.; Melde, B. J.; Lytle, J. C.; Stein, A.; Carbojo, M. C.; Fernández, J. T.; Rodríguez, E. E.; "Hybrid Macroporous Materials for Heavy Metal Ion Adsorption", J. Mater. Chem. 2002, 12, 3261-3267.

Melde, B. J.; Stein, A.; "Periodic Macroporous Hydroxyapatite-containing Calcium Phosphates", Chem. Mater. 2002, 14, 3326-3331.

Schroden, R. C.; Al-Daous, M.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein, A.; "Optical Properties of Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals", Chem. Mater. 2002, 14, 3305-3315.

Yan, H.; Blanford, C. F.; Lytle, J. C.; Carter, C. B.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; "Influence of Processing Conditions on Structures of 3D Ordered Macroporous Metals Prepared by Colloidal Crystal Templating", Chem. Mater. 2001,13, 4314-4321.

Invited review: Stein, A.; Schroden, R. C.; "Colloidal Crystal Templating of Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Solids-Materials for Photonics and Beyond", Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science 2001, 5, 553-564.

Schroden, R. C.; Al-Daous, M.; Stein, A.; "Self-Modification of Spontaneous Emission by Inverse Opal Silica Photonic Crystals", Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 2945-2950.

Johnson, B. J. S.; Stein, A.; “Surface Modification of Mesoporous, Macroporous, and Amorphous Silica with Catalytically Active Polyoxometalate Clusters”, Inorg. Chem. 2001, 40, 801-808.

Yan, H.; Zhang, K.; Blanford, C. F.; Francis, L. F.; Stein, A.; "In Vitro Hydroxycarbonate Apatite Mineralization of CaO-SiO2 Sol-gel Glasses with a Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Structure", Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 1374-1382.

Schroden, R. C.; Blanford, C. F.; Melde, B. J.; Johnson, B. J. S.; Stein., A.; "Direct Synthesis of Ordered Macroporous Silica Materials Functionalized with Polyoxometalate Clusters", Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 1074-1081.

Invited review: Stein, A.; "Sphere Templating Methods for Periodic Porous Solids", Microporous & Mesoporous Materials 2001, 44-45, 227-239.

Invited review: Blanford, C. F.; Yan, H., Schroden, R. C.; Al-Daous, M.; Stein, A.; "Gems of Chemistry and Physics: Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous (3DOM) Metal Oxides", Adv. Mater. 2001, 13, 401-407.

Blanford, C. F.; Schroden, R. C.; Al-Daous, M.; Stein, A.; "Tuning Solvent-Dependent Color Changes of Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous (3DOM) Materials Through Compositional and Geometric Modifications", Adv. Mater. 2001, 13, 26-29.[Abstract]

Krivorotov, I. N.; Yan, H.; Dahlberg, E. D.; Stein, A.; "Exchange Bias in Macroporous Co/CoO", J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 2001, 226-230, 1800-1802.

Yan, H.; Blanford, C. F.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; "Preparation and Structure of 3D Ordered Macroporous Alloys by PMMA Colloidal Crystal Templating", Chem. Commun. 2000, 1477-1478.

Yan, H.; Blanford, C. F.; Holland, B. T., Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; "General Synthesis of Periodic Macroporous Solids by Templated Salt Precipitation and Chemical Conversion", Chem. Mater. 2000, 12, 1134-1141.

Yan, H.; Blanford, C. F.; Holland, B. T.; Parent, M.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; "A Chemical Synthesis of Periodic Macroporous NiO and Metallic Ni", Adv. Mater. 1999, 11, 1003-1006.[Abstract]

Holland, B. T.; Abrams, L.; Stein, A.; "Dual Templating of Macroporous Silicates with Zeolitic Microporous Frameworks", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1999, 121, 4308-4309.[Abstract]

Blanford, C. F.; Do, T. N.; Holland, B. T.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis of Highly Ordered Macroporous Minerals: Extension of the Synthetic Method to other Metal Oxides and Organic-Inorganic Composites", in Lednor, P. W.; Nagaki, D. A.; Thompson, L. T. (eds.); Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 1999, Vol. 549 (Advanced Catalytic Materials), 61-66.[Abstract]

Holland, B. T.; Blanford, C. F.; Do, T.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis of Highly Ordered Three-Dimensional Macroporous Structures of Amorphous or Crystalline Inorganic Oxides, Phosphates and Hybrid Composites", Chem. Mater. 1999, 11, 795-805.

Holland, B. T.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis of Highly Ordered Three-Dimensional Mineral Honeycombs with Macropores", Science 1998, 281, 538-540.

Shaped Nanoparticles

Rudisill, S. G.; Hein, N. M.; Terzic, D.; Stein, A. “Controlling Microstructural Evolution in Pechini Gels through the Interplay between Precursor Complexation, Step-growth Polymerization, and Template Confinement”, Chem. Mater. 2013, 25, 745-753.

Li, F.; Josephson, D. P.; Stein, A. "Colloidal Assembly: The Road from Particles to Colloidal Molecules and Crystals", Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2010, 50, 360-388.

Li, F.; Qian, Y.; Stein, A.; "Template-directed Synthesis and Organization of Shaped Oxide/Phosphate Nanoparticles", Chem. Mater. 2010, 22, 3226-3235.

Li, F.; Yoo, W.C.; Beernink, M.B.; Stein, A.; "Site-Specific Functionalization of Anisotropic Nanoparticles: From Colloidal Atoms to Colloidal Molecules", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009,131, 18548-18555.

Li, F.; Stein, A.; "Conjugation of colloidal clusters and chains by capillary condensation", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 9920-9921.

Invited Highlight article: Stein, A.; Li, F.; Wang, Z.; "Synthesis of shaped particles and particle arrays by disassembly methods", J. Mater. Chem. 2009, 19, 2102-2106.

Wang, Z.; Kiesel, E. R.; Stein, A.; "Silica-Free Syntheses of Hierarchically Ordered Macroporous Polymer and Carbon Monoliths with Controllable Mesoporosity", J. Mater. Chem., 2008, 18, 2194-2200.

Li, F.; Delo, S. A.; Stein, A.; "Shaped Metal Oxide-Phosphate Composite Nanoparticles Synthesized by Templated Disassembly", in Nanoporous Materials, ed. by A. Sayari and M. Jaroniec, World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 2008, 377-384.

Wang, Z.; Stein, A.; “Morphology Control of Carbon, Silica and Carbon/Silica Nanocomposites: From 3-D Ordered Macro-/Mesoporous Monoliths to Shaped Mesoporous Particles”, Chem. Mater.2008, 20, 1029-1040.

Wang, Z.; Li, F.; Stein, A.; “Direct Synthesis of Shaped Carbon Nanoparticles with Ordered Cubic Mesostructure”, Nano Lett.2007, 7, 3223-3226.

Li, F.; Delo, S. A.; Stein, A.; “Disassembly and self-reassembly in periodic nanostructures: a face-centered to simple cubic transformation”, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.2007, 46, 6666-6669. [Abstract]

Li, F.; Wang, Z.; Stein, A.; “Shaping Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles by Disassembly of Hierarchically Porous Structures”, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.2007, 46, 1885-1888 (journal cover page). [Abstract]

Mesoporous Materials and Materials with Hierarchical Porosity

Li, F.; Wilker, M. B.; Stein, A.; "Simulation-aided Design and Synthesis of Hierarchically Porous Membranes", Langmuir 2012, 28, 7484-7491.

Yoo, W. C.; Zhang, X.; Tsapatsis, M.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis of Mesoporous ZSM-5 Zeolites through Desilication and Re-assembly Processes", Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 2012, 149, 147-157.

Yoo, W.C.; Stein, A.; "Solvent Effects on Morphologies of Mesoporous Silica Spheres Prepared by Pseudomorphic Transformations", Chem. Mater. 2011, 23, 1761-1767.

Lee, P.-S.; Zhang, X.; Stoeger, J. A.; Malek, A.; Fan, W.; Kumar, S.; Yoo, W. C.; Al Hashimi, S.; Penn, R. L.; Stein, A.; Tsapatsis, M.; "Sub-40 nm zeolite suspensions by disassembly of three-dimensionally ordered mesoporous- imprinted silicalite-1 and their use for high performance membrane formation", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 493-502.

Li, F.; Stein, A.; "Functional Composite Membranes Based on Mesoporous Silica Spheres in a Hierarchically Porous Matrix", Chem. Mater. 2010, 22, 3790- 3797.

Fan, W.; Snyder, M. A.; Kumar, S.; Yoo, W. C.; McCormick, A. V.; Penn, R. L.; Stein, A.; Tsapatsis, M.; "Confined synthesis of silicalite-1 nanocrystals in three-dimensionally ordered mesoporous (3DOm) carbon: Nanocrystalline and 3DOm-imprinted zeolites", Nature Mater.2008, 7, 984-991.

Wang, Z.; Fierke, M. A.; Stein, A.; "Porous Carbon/Tin(IV) Oxide Monolith as an Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries", J. Electrochem. Soc., 2008, 155, A658-A663. (highlighted in the August 4, 2008 issue of Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science and Technology, http://www.vjnano.org).

Wang, Z.; Kiesel, E. R.; Stein, A.; "Silica-Free Syntheses of Hierarchically Ordered Macroporous Polymer and Carbon Monoliths with Controllable Mesoporosity", J. Mater. Chem., 2008, 18, 2194-2200.

Wang, Z.; Li, F.; Ergang, N. S.; Stein, A.; “Monolithic Carbon-based Nanocomposites with Hierarchical Porosity: Novel Anode Materials for Li Ion Batteries”, E.C.S. Transactions 2008, 6(25), 199-204.

Invited review article: Stein, A.; Li, F.; Denny, N. R.; “Morphological Control in Colloidal Crystal Templating of Inverse Opals, Hierarchical Structures and Shaped Particles”, Chem. Mater.2008, 20, 649-666.

Wang, Z.; Li, F.; Stein, A.; “Direct Synthesis of Shaped Carbon Nanoparticles with Ordered Cubic Mesostructure”, Nano Lett.2007, 7, 3223-3226.

Li, F.; Wang, Z.; Ergang, N. S.; Fyfe, C. A.; Stein, A.; “Controlling the Shape and Alignment of Mesopores by Confinement in Colloidal Crystals: Designer Pathways to Silica Monoliths with Hierarchical Porosity”, Langmuir 2007, 23, 3996-4004 (journal cover page).

Li, F.; Wang, Z.; Stein, A.; “Shaping Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles by Disassembly of Hierarchically Porous Structures”, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 46, 1885-1888 (journal cover page). [Abstract]

Yu, D.; Wang, Z.; Ergang, N. S.; Stein, A.; “Surface Functionalization of Templated Porous Carbon Materials”, Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal.2007, 165, 365-368.[Abstract]

Meng, Y.; Gu, D.; Zhang, F.; Shi, Y.; Cheng, L.; Feng, D.; Wu, Z.; Chen. Z.; Wan, Y.; Stein, A.; Zhao, D.; “A Family of Highly Ordered Mesoporous Polymer Resin and Carbon Structures from Organic-organic Self-assembly”, Chem. Mater.2006, 18, 4447-4464.

Invited review chapter: Stein, A.; "Advances in Microporous and Mesoporous Solids--Highlights of Recent Progress", Adv. Mater. 2003,15, 763-775.

Johnson, B. J.; Stein, A.; "Surface Modification of Mesoporous, Macroporous, and Amorphous Silica with Catalytically Active Polyoxometalate Clusters", Inorg. Chem. 2001, 40, 801-808.

Aronson, B. J.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis, Characterization, and Ion-Exchange Properties of Zinc and Magnesium Manganese Oxides Confined within MCM-41 Channels", J. Phys. Chem. B 2000, 104, 449-459.

Invited review: Stein, A.; Melde, B. J.; Schroden, R. C.; "Hybrid Inorganic-Organic Mesoporous Silicates - Nanoscopic Reactors Coming of Age", Adv. Mater. 2000, 12, 1403-1419.

Melde, B. J.; Holland, B. T.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein., A.; "Mesoporous Sieves With Unified Hybrid Inorganic/Organic Frameworks", Chem. Mater. 1999, 11, 3302-3308.

Lim, M. H.; Stein, A.; "Comparative Studies of Grafting and Direct Syntheses of Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Mesoporous Materials", Chem. Mater. 1999, 11, 3285-3295.

Holland, B. T.; Walkup, C.; Stein, A.; "Encapsulation, Stabilization, and Catalytic Properties of Flexible Metal Porphyrin Complexes in MCM-41 with Minimal Electronic Perturbation by the Environment", J. Phys. Chem. B 1998, 102, 4301-4309.

Lim, M.; Stein, A.; "Characterization and Reactivity of Hybrid Organosilicate Mesoporous Sieves", in Laine, R. M.; Sanchez, C.; Giannelis, E.; Brinker, C. J. (eds.); Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 1998, Vol. 519 (Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials), pp. 89-94.[Abstract]

Lim, M. H.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis of Ordered Microporous Silicates with Organosulfur Surface Groups and their Applications as Solid Acid Catalysts", Chem. Mater. 1998, 10, 467-470.[Abstract]

Aronson, B.J.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein, A.; "Solution-Phase Grafting of Titanium Dioxide onto the Pore Surface of Mesoporous Silicates – Synthesis and Structural Characterization", Chem. Mater. 1997, 9, 2842-2851.

Lim, M. H.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis and Characterization of a Reactive Vinyl-Functionalized MCM-41: Probing the Internal Pore Structure by a Bromination Reaction", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1997, 119, 4090-4091.[Abstract]

Catalysts and Catalyst Supports

Rudisill, S. G.; Petkovich, N. D.; Venstrom, L. J.; Quan, T.; Hein, N.; Boman, D. B.; Davidson, J. H.; Stein, A.; "Enhanced oxidation kinetics in thermochemical cycling of CeO2 through templated porosity", J. Phys. Chem. C 2013, 117, 1692-1700.

Al-Daous, M. A.; Stein, A.; "Preparation and Catalytic Evaluation of Macroporous Crystalline Sulfated Zirconium Dioxide Templated with Colloidal Crystals", Chem. Mater. 2003, 15, 2638-2645.

Sokolov, S.; Bell, D.; Stein, A.; "Preparation and Characterization of Macroporous α-Alumina", J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 2003, 86, 1481-1486.

Johnson, B. J. S.; Stein, A.; "Surface Modification of Mesoporous, Macroporous, and Amorphous Silica with Catalytically Active Polyoxometalate Clusters", Inorg. Chem. 2001, 40, 801-808.

Lim, M. H.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis of Ordered Microporous Silicates with Organosulfur Surface Groups and their Applications as Solid Acid Catalysts", Chem. Mater. 1998, 10, 467-470.[Abstract]

Holland, B. T.; Walkup, C.; Stein, A.; "Encapsulation, Stabilization, and Catalytic Properties of Flexible Metal Porphyrin Complexes in MCM-41 with Minimal Electronic Perturbation by the Environment", J. Phys. Chem. B 1998, 102, 4301-4309.

Aronson, B.J.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein, A.; "Solution-Phase Grafting of Titanium Dioxide onto the Pore Surface of Mesoporous Silicates – Synthesis and Structural Characterization", Chem. Mater. 1997, 9, 2842-2851.

Photonic Crystals

Invited book chapter: Josephson, D.; Stein, A. "Tuning Color and Chroma of Opal and Inverse Opal Structures", in Response Photonic Nanostructures: Smart Nanoscale Optical Materials, Y. Yin (ed.), Royal Society of Chemistry, 2013, in press.

Nagpal, P.; Josephson, D. P.; Denny, N. R.; DeWilde, J.; Norris, D. J.; Stein, A.; "Fabrication of Carbon/Refractory Metal Nanocomposites as Thermally Stable Metallic Photonic Crystals", J. Mater. Chem. 2011, 21, 10836-10843.

Aguirre, C.; Reguera, E.; Stein, A.; "Colloidal Photonic Crystal Pigments with Low Angle Dependence", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2010, 2, 3257-3262.

Aguirre, C. I.; Reguera, E.; Stein, A.; "Tunable Colors in Opals and Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals", Adv. Funct. Mater. 2010, 2565-2578.

Denny, N.R.; Li, F.; Norris, D.J; Stein, A.; In-situ high temperature TEM analysis of sintering in nanostructured tungsten and tungsten-molybdenum alloy photonic crystals", J. Mater. Chem. 2010, 20, 1538-1545.

Nagpal, P.; Han, S. E.; Stein, A.; Norris, D. J.; "Efficient low-temperature thermophotovoltaic emitters from metallic photonic crystals", Nano Letters 2008, 8, 3238-3243.

Denny, N. R.; Han, S. E.; Norris, D. J.; Stein, A.; “Structural Effects of Thermal Emission on Monolithic Tungsten and Tungsten Alloy Photonic Crystals”, Chem. Mater. 2007, 19, 4563-4569.

Han, S. E.; Stein, A.; Norris, D. J.; “Tailoring Tungsten Inverse Opals for Modified Thermal Emission”, Phys. Rev. Lett.2007, 99, 053906/1-4.

Blanford, C. F.; Carter, C. B.; Stein, A.; “Determination of Void Arrangements in Inverse Opals by Transmission Electron Microscopy”, J. Phys.: Conf. Series 2006, 26, 264-267.

Denny, N. R.,; Han, S.; Turgeon, R. T.; Lytle, J. C.; Norris, D. J.; Stein, A.; "Synthetic approaches toward tungsten photonic crystals for thermal emission", SPIE-Proceedings 2005, 6005, 60050501-60060513.

Schroden, R. C.; Al-Daous, M.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein, A.; "Optical Properties of Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals", Chem. Mater. 2002, 14, 3305-3315.

Invited review: Stein, A.; Schroden, R. C.; "Colloidal Crystal Templating of Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Solids-Materials for Photonics and Beyond", Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science 2001, 5, 553-564.

Schroden, R. C.; Al-Daous, M.; Stein, A.; "Self-Modification of Spontaneous Emission by Inverse Opal Silica Photonic Crystals", Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 2945-2950.

Invited review: Blanford, C. F.; Yan, H., Schroden, R. C.; Al-Daous, M.; Stein, A.; "Gems of Chemistry and Physics: Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous (3DOM) Metal Oxides", Adv. Mater. 2001, 13, 401-407.

Blanford, C. F.; Schroden, R. C.; Al-Daous, M.; Stein, A.; "Tuning Solvent-Dependent Color Changes of Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous (3DOM) Materials Through Compositional and Geometric Modifications", Adv. Mater. 2001, 13, 26-29. [Abstract]

Bioactive Glasses and Hydroxyapatite

Zhang, K.; Yan, H.; Stein, A.; Francis, L. F.; "Apatite Converted from 3-D Ordered Macroporous Sol-Gel Bioactive Glass (3DOM-BG) Particles", J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 2005, 88, 587-592.

Zhang, K.; Yan, H.; Bell, D. C.; Stein, A.; Francis, L. F.; "Effects of Materials Parameters on Mineralization and Degradation of Sol-gel Bioactive Glasses with 3D-ordered Macroporous (3DOM) Structures", J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 2003, 66A, 860-869.

Melde, B. J.; Stein, A.; "Periodic Macroporous Hydroxyapatite-containing Calcium Phosphates", Chem. Mater. 2002, 14, 3326-3331.

Yan, H.; Zhang, K.; Blanford, C. F.; Francis, L. F.; Stein, A.; "In Vitro Hydroxycarbonate Apatite Mineralization of CaO-SiO2 Sol-gel Glasses with a Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Structure", Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 1374-1382.

Lithium Battery Materials and Sensors

Vu, A.; Phillips, J.; Bühlmann, P.; Stein, A. “Quenching Performance of Surfactant-containing and Surfactant-free Fluorophore-doped Mesoporous Silica Films for Nitroaromatic Compound Detection”, Chem. Mater. 2013, 25, 711-722.

Qian, Y.; Vu, A.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; "Facile preparation and electrochemical properties of V2O5-graphene composite films as free-standing cathodes for rechargeable lithium batteries", J. Electrochem. Soc. 2012, 159, A1135-A1140.

Zhang, T.; Lai, C.-Z.; Fierke, M; Stein, A.; Buhlmann, P.; "Advantages and Limitations of Reference Electrodes with an Ionic Liquid Junction and Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Carbon as Solid Contact", Anal. Chem. 2012, 84, 7771-7778.

Vu, A.; Qian, Y.; Stein, A.; "Porous Electrode Materials for Lithium-ion Batteries—How to Prepare Them and What Makes them Special", Adv. Energy Mater. 2012, 2, 1056-1085.

Fierke, M. A., Olson, E. J.; Buhlmann, P.; Stein, A.; "Receptor-Based Detection of 2,4-Dinitrotoluene using Modified Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Carbon Electrodes", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2012, 4, 4731-4739.

Vu, A.; Stein, A.; "Multiconstituent Synthesis of LiFePO4/C Composites with Hierarchical Porosity as Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries", Chem. Mater. 2011, 23, 3237-3245.

Invited News & Views article, Stein, A.; "Batteries Taking Charge—Fast", Nature Nanotech. 2011, 6, 262-263.

Lai, C.-Z.; Fierke, M. A.; da Costa, R. C.; Gladysz, J. A.; Stein, A.; Buhlmann, P.; "Highly Selective Detection of Silver in the Low ppt Range with Ion-Selective Electrodes Based on Ionophore-Doped Fluorous Membranes", Anal. Chem. 2010, 82, 7634-7640.

Fierke, M.A.; Lai, C.-Z.; Buhlmann, P.; Stein, A.; "Effects of Architecture and Surface Chemistry of Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Carbon Solid Contacts on Performance of Ion-Selective Electrodes", Anal. Chem. 2010, 82, 680-688.

Wang, Z.; Li, F.; Ergang, N. S.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis of monolithic 3-D ordered macroporous carbon/nano-silicon composites by diiodosilane decomposition", Carbon 2008, 46, 1702-1710 (featured on cover of Vol 46, No. 15).

Lai, C. Z.; Joyer, M. M.; Fierke, M. A.; Petkovich, N. D.; Stein, A.; Buhlmann, P.; "Subnanomolar Detection Limit Application of Ion-Selective Electrodes with Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous (3DOM) Carbon Solid Contacts", J. Solid State Electrochem. 2009, 13, 123-128.

Wang, Z.; Fierke, M. A.; Stein, A.; "Porous Carbon/Tin(IV) Oxide Monolith as an Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries", J. Electrochem. Soc. 2008, 155, A658-A663. (highlighted in the August 4, 2008 issue of Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science and Technology, http://www.vjnano.org).

Wang, Z.; Li, F.; Ergang, N. S.; Stein, A.; “Monolithic Carbon-based Nanocomposites with Hierarchical Porosity: Novel Anode Materials for Li Ion Batteries”, E.C.S. Transactions 2008, 6(25), 199-204.

Ergang, N. S.; Fierke, M. A.; Wang, Z.; Smyrl, W. H., Stein, A.; “Fabrication of a Fully Infiltrated 3-Dimensional Solid-State Interpenetrating Electrochemical Cell”, J. Electrochem. Soc. 2007, 154, A1135-A1139. [Abstract]

Lai, C. Z.; Fierke, M. A.; Stein, A.; Bühlmann, P.; “Ion-Selective Electrodes with Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Carbon as the Solid Contact”, Anal. Chem. 2007, 79, 4621-4626.

Wang, Z.; Li, F.; Ergang, N. S.; Stein, A.; “Effects of Hierarchical Architecture on Electronic and Mechanical Properties of Nanocast Monolithic Porous Carbons and Carbon-carbon Nanocomposites”, Chem. Mater.2006, 18, 5543-5553.

Ergang, N. S.; Lytle, J. C.; Lee, K. T.; Oh, S. M.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; “Photonic Crystal Structures as a Basis for an Interpenetrating Electrochemical Cell System”, Adv. Mater. 2006, 18, 1750-1753.[Abstract]

Ergang, N. S.; Lytle, J. C.; Yan, H.; Stein, A.; “The Effect of a Macropore Structure on Cycling Rates of LiCoO2J. Electrochem. Soc. 2005, 152, A1989-A1995.

Lee, K. T.; Lytle, J. C.; Ergang, N. S.; Oh, S. M.; Stein, A.; “Synthesis and Rate Performance of Monolithic Macroporous Carbon Electrodes for Lithium Secondary Batteries”, Adv. Funct. Mater. 2005, 15, 547-556.

Lytle, J. C.; Yan, H.; Ergang, N. S.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; “Structural and electrochemical properties of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous tin(IV) oxide films”, J. Mater. Chem. 2004, 14, 1616-1622.

Yan, H.; Sokolov, S.; Lytle, J. C.; Stein, A.; Zhang, F.; Smyrl, W. H.; "Colloidal-Crystal-Templated Synthesis of Ordered Macroporous Electrode Materials for Lithium Secondary Batteries", J. Electrochem. Soc. 2003, 150, A1102-A1107.

Aronson, B. J.; Blanford, C. F.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis, Characterization, and Ion-Exchange Properties of Zinc and Magnesium Manganese Oxides Confined within MCM-41 Channels", J. Phys. Chem. B 2000, 104, 449-459.

Aronson, B. J.; Kinser, A. J.; Passerini, S.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; "Zinc and magnesium manganese oxides as lithium intercalation hosts", Proc.-Electrochem. Soc. 1999, 98-16, 247-256.

Aronson, B. J.; Kinser, A. K.; Passerini, S.; Smyrl, W. H.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis, Characterization, and Electrochemical Properties of Zinc and Magnesium Birnessites Prepared by a Low Temperature Route", Chem. Mater. 1999, 11, 949-957.

Mesoporous Sieve Synthesis Based on Polyoxometalates (including new inorganic anion-exchange materials)

Schroden, R. C.; Blanford, C. F.; Melde, B. J.; Johnson, B. J. S.; Stein., A.; "Direct Synthesis of Ordered Macroporous Silica Materials Functionalized with Polyoxometalate Clusters", Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 1074-1081.

Johnson, B. J. S.; Stein, A.; "Surface Modification of Mesoporous, Macroporous, and Amorphous Silica with Catalytically Active Polyoxometalate Clusters", Inorg. Chem. 2001, 40, 801-808.

Kron, D. A.; Holland, B. T.; Wipson, R.; Maleke, C.; Stein, A.; "Anion-Exchange Properties of a Mesoporous Aluminophosphate", Langmuir 1999, 15, 8300-8308.

Holland, B. T.; Isbester, P. K.; Blanford, C. F.; Munson, E. J.; Stein, A.; "Transformation of Layered Polyoxometallate Cluster Salts into Mesoporous Materials", Materials Research Bulletin, 1999, 34 (No. 3), 471-482.[Abstract]

Holland, B. T.; Isbester, P. K.; Blanford, C. F.; Munson, E. J.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis of Ordered Aluminophosphate and Galloaluminophosphate Mesoporous Materials with Anion-Exchange Properties Utilizing Polyoxometalate Cluster/Surfactant Salts as Precursors", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1997, 119, 6796-6803.

Stein, A.; Holland, B.; "Aluminum-Containing Mesostructural Materials" (invited paper), J. Porous Mater. 1996, 3, 83-92. [Abstract]

Stein, A.; Fendorf, M.; Jarvie, T. P.; Mueller, K. T.; Benesi, A. J.; Mallouk, T. E.; "Salt-Gel Synthesis of Porous Transition Metal Oxides", Chem. Mater. 1995, 7, 304.[Abstract]

Stein, A.; Fendorf, M.; Jarvie, T.P.; Mueller, K. T.; Garcia, M. E.; Mallouk, T. E.; "Synthesis of Porous Transition Metal Oxides by the Salt-Gel Method", in Komarneni, S.; Smith, D. M.; Beck, J. S. (eds.); Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 1995, Vol. 371 (Advances in Porous Materials), p.69.[Abstract]

Structures from Polyoxometalate Building Blocks

Johnson, B.J.S.; Geers, S. A.; Brennessel, W. W.; Young, Jr., V. G.; Stein, A.; "A Coordination Network Containing Non-Coordinating Polyoxometalate Clusters as Counterions", Dalton Transactions 2003, 4678-4681.

Johnson, B. J. S.; Schroden, R. C.; Zhu, C.; Young Jr., V. G.; Stein, A.; "Design and Analysis of Chain and Network Structures from Organic Derivatives of Polyoxometalate Clusters", Inorg. Chem. 2002, 41, 2213-2218.

Johnson, B. J. S.; Zhu, C.; Schroden, R. C.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis and Characterization of 2D and 3D Structures from Organic Derivatives of Polyoxometalate Clusters-Role of Organic Moiety, Counterion, and Solvent", Inorg. Chem. 2001, 40, 5972-5978.

Johnson, B. J. S.; Buss, C. E.; Young, V. G.; Stein, A.; "Tetrabutylammonium Salt of Dodecamolybdotetrakis(p-cyanophenylarsonate)", Acta Cryst. 1999, C55, 549-551.[Abstract]

Zeolites and Sodalites

Yoo, W. C.; Zhang, X.; Tsapatsis, M.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis of Mesoporous ZSM-5 Zeolites through Desilication and Re-assembly Processes", Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 2012, 149, 147-157.

Lee, P.-S.; Zhang, X.; Stoeger, J. A.; Malek, A.; Fan, W.; Kumar, S.; Yoo, W. C.; Al Hashimi, S.; Penn, R. L.; Stein, A.; Tsapatsis, M.; "Sub-40 nm zeolite suspensions by disassembly of three-dimensionally ordered mesoporous- imprinted silicalite-1 and their use for high performance membrane formation", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 493-502.

Yoo, W. C.; Stoeger, J. A.; Lee, P.-S.; Tsapatsis, M.; Stein, A.; "High Performance Randomly Oriented Zeolite Membranes Using Brittle Seeds and Rapid Thermal Processing", Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 8699-8703.

Yoo, W. C.; Kumar, S.; Penn, R. L.; Tsapatsis, M.; Stein, A.; "Growth Patterns and Shape Development of Zeolite Nanocrystals in Confined Syntheses", J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2009, 131, 12377-12383.

Wang, Z.; Al-Daous, M. A.; Kiesel, E. R.; Li, F.; Stein, A.; "Design and Synthesis of 3D Ordered Macroporous ZrO2/Zeolite Nanocomposites", Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 2009, 120, 351-358.

Yoo, W. C.; Kumar, S.; Wang, Z.; Ergang, N. S.; Fan, W.; McCormick, A. V.; Penn, R. L.; Tsapatsis, M.; Stein, A.; "Nanoscale Reactor Engineering: Hydrothermal Synthesis of Uniform Zeolite Particles in Massively Parallel Reaction Chambers", Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.2008, 47, 9096-9099 (featured on inside cover).


Fan, W.; Snyder, M. A.; Kumar, S.; Yoo, W. C.; McCormick, A. V.; Penn, R. L.; Stein, A.; Tsapatsis, M.; "Confined synthesis of silicalite-1 nanocrystals in three-dimensionally ordered mesoporous (3DOm) carbon: Nanocrystalline and 3DOm-imprinted zeolites", Nature Mater.2008, 7, 984-991.


Invited review: Stein, A.; "Advances in Microporous and Mesoporous Solids—Highlights of Recent Progress", Adv. Mater. 2003, 15, 763-775.

Invited review chapter: Stein, A.; Schroden, R. C.; “Designing Porous Solids Over Multiple Pore Size Regimes” in Nanostructured Catalysts, edited by S. L. Scott, C. M. Crudden, C. W. Jones, Kluwer-Plenum series on Nanostructure Science and Technology Vol. 3, 2002, 257-276, Kluwer-Plenum: Dordrecht, Netherlands.[Abstract]

Holland, B. T.; Abrams, L.; Stein, A.; "Dual Templating of Macroporous Silicates with Zeolitic Microporous Frameworks", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1999, 121, 4308-4309.[Abstract]

Stein, A.; "NaBr-Sodalite"; in Robson, H. (ed.) Verified Syntheses of Zeolitic Materials, International Zeolite Association, Synthesis Commission, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 1998, 22, 656-659.[Abstract]

Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; "Sodalite - An Old Material for Advanced Uses", in Mallouk, T. E. (ed.) Advances in the Synthesis and Reactivity of Solids 1994, 2, 93.

Stein, A.; Wehrle, B.: Jansen, M.; "Nitrogen Incorporation in AlPO4-5 Molecular Sieves by Thermal Ammonolysis", Zeolites 1993, 13, 291.

Jelinek, R.; Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; "81Br and 35Cl NMR Investigation of Sodium, Silver, Halo-Sodalite Semiconductor Supralattices", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1993, 115, 2390.

Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; "Sodalite Supralattices: From Molecules to Clusters to Expanded Insulators, Semiconductors and Metals", in Ballmoos, R. V.; Higgins, J. B.; Tracy, M. M. (eds.), Proceedings of the 9th International Zeolite Conference, Montreal, 1992, Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, 1993, 93.

Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; Stucky, G. D.; "Class B Sodalites: Nonstoichiometric Silver, Sodium Halosodalites", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1992, 114, 8119.

Jelinek, R.; Chmelka, B. F.; Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; "Multinuclear Magic-Angle Spinning and Double Rotation NMR Study of the Synthesis and Assembly of a Sodalite Semiconductor Supralattice", J. Phys. Chem. 1992, 96, 6744 .

Jelinek, R.; Chmelka, B. F.; Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; "Multinuclear Solid-State NMR Study of a Sodalite Semiconductor Superlattice", Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 1992, 272 (Chemical Processes in Inorganic Materials: Metal and Semiconductor Clusters and Colloids), 235.

Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; Macdonald, P. M.; Stucky, G. D.; Jelinek, R.; "Class A Sodalites: Silver, Sodium Halosodalites", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1992, 114, 5171.

Ozin, G. A.; Kirkby, S.; Meszaros, M.; Ozkar, S.; Stein, A.; Stucky, G. D.; "Intrazeolite Semiconductor Quantum Dots and Quantum Superlattices - New Materials for Nonlinear Optical Applications", in Marder, S. R.; Sohn, J. E.; Stucky, G. D. (eds.) Materials for Nonlinear Optics, A. C. S. Symposium Series 455, American Chemical Society, Washington, 1991, 554.

Stein, A.; Meszaros, M.; Macdonald, P. M.; Ozin, G. A.; Stucky, G. D.; "Mixed Semiconductor Component Quantum Supralattices: Silver, Sodium Chloro,Iodo-Sodalites", Adv. Mater. 1991, 3, 306.

Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; "The Ferroin Test: a Sensitive and Convenient Probe of Internal Versus External Silver in Microporous Materials: Application to Silver Sodalites", J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1991, 1455.

Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; Stucky, G. D.; "From the Molecule to an Expanded I-VII Semiconductor Quantum Superlattice: Silver,Sodium Halo-Sodalites", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1990, 112, 904. [Abstract]

Stein, A.; Macdonald, P. M.; Ozin, G. A.; Stucky, G. D.; "Assembling a Semiconductor Quantum Superlattice One Atom at a Time: Nonstoichiometric Silver, Sodium Bromosodalites", J. Phys. Chem. 1990, 94, 6943.

Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; Stucky, G. D.; "Silver Sodalites – A Chemistry Approach Towards Reversible Optical Data Storage", J. Soc. Photogr. Sci. Technol. Japan 1990, 53, 322.[Abstract]

Ozin, G. A.; Stein, A.; Stucky, G. D.; Godber, J. P.; "Silver Sodalites: Novel Optically Responsive Nanocomposites", in Atwood, J. (ed.) Inclusion Phenomena and Molecular Recognition, Plenum Press, New York, 1990, 379.

Ozin, G. A.; Stein, A.; Godber, J. P.; "Very High Density Optical Storage of Data in Silver Sodalites"; U. S. Patent 1990, 4,942,119.

Ozin, G. A.; Kuperman, A.; Stein, A.; "Advanced Zeolite Materials Science", Angew. Chem. Adv. Mater. 1989, 101, 373; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1989, 28, 359.

Pseudomorphic Transformations

Lytle, J. C.; Denny, N. R.; Turgeon, R. T.; Stein, A.; “Pseudomorphic Transformation of Inverse Opal Tungsten Oxide to Tungsten Carbide”, Adv. Mater.2007, 19, 3682-3686.[Abstract]

Lytle, J. C.; Yan, H.; Turgeon, R. T.; Stein, A.; “Multistep, Low Temperature Pseudomorphic Transformations of Nanostructured Silica to Titania via a Titanium Oxyfluoride Intermediate”, Chem. Mater. 2004, 16, 3829-3837.

Polymer-clay Nanocomposites

Park, Y. T.; Qian, Y.; Lindsay, C.; Nijs, C.; Camargo, R.; Stein, A. “Polyol-Assisted Vermiculite Dispersion in Polyurethane Nanocomposites”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2013, in press.

Qian, Y.; Liu, W.; Park, Y. T.; Lindsay, C. I.; Camargo, R.; Macosko, C. W.; Stein, A.; "Catalyst-Modification Improves Clay Dispersion in Polyurethane via In Situ Intercalative Polymerization", Polymer 2012, 53, 5060-5068.

Qian, Y.; Lindsay, C. I.; Macosko, C.; Stein, A.; "Synthesis and Properties of Vermiculite-Reinforced Polyurethane Nanocomposites", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2011, 3, 3709-3717.

Chastek, T. T.; Que, E. L.; Jarzombeck, P.; Macosko, C. W.; Stein, A.; “Synthesis of Lamellar Isobutyl Silicates and Dispersion in Polypropylene Melts”, J. Appl. Polymer Sci.2007, 105, 1456-1465.

Wang, J.; Severtson, S. J.; Stein, A.; “Significant and Concurrent Enhancement of Stiffness, Strength and Toughness for Paraffin Wax through Organoclay Addition”, Adv. Mater. 2006, 18, 1585-1588.[Abstract]

Chastek, T. T.; Stein, A.; Macosko, C.; “Hexadecyl-functionalized Lamellar Mesostructured Silicates and Aluminosilicates Designed for Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites. Part II: Dispersion in Organic Solvents and in Polystyrene Nanocomposites”, Polymer 2005, 46, 4431-4439.

Chastek, T. T.; Que, E. L.; Shore, J. S.; Lowy III, R. J.; Macosko, C.; Stein, A.; “Hexadecyl-functionalized Lamellar Mesostructured Silicates and Aluminosilicates Designed for Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites. Part I: Clay Synthesis and Structure”, Polymer 2005, 46, 4421-4430.

Reviews and Other Topics

DiVito, M.; Rudisill, S.; Stein, A.; Patel, S.; McLaren, J.; Hubel, A.; "Silica Hybrid for Corneal Replacement: Optical, Biomechanical and Biocompatibility Studies", Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 2013, in press.

Invited review: Petkovich, N. D.; Stein, A.; "Controlling Material Macrostructures and Mesostructures through Combined Hard and Soft Templating", Chem. Soc. Rev. 2013, 42, 3721-3739.

Invited review: Stein, A.; Wilson, B. E.; Rudisill, S. G.; "Design and Functionality of Colloidal-Crystal-Templated Materials", Chem. Soc. Rev., 2013, 42, 2763-2803.

Invited book chapter: Josephson, D.; Stein, A. "Tuning Color and Chroma of Opal and Inverse Opal Structures", in Response Photonic Nanostructures: Smart Nanoscale Optical Materials, Y. Yin (ed.), Royal Society of Chemistry, 2013, in press.

Rudisill, S. G.; Wang, Z.; Stein, A.; "Maintaining the Structure of Templated Porous Materials for Reactive and High Temperature Applications", Langmuir 2012, 28, 7310-7324 (featured on journal cover).

Vu, A.; Qian, Y.; Stein, A.; "Porous Electrode Materials for Lithium-ion Batteries—How to Prepare Them and What Makes them Special", Adv. Energy Mater. 2012, 2, 1056-1085.

Invited book chapter: Petkovich, N. D.; Stein, A.; "Colloidal Crystal Templating Approaches to Materials with Hierarchical Porosity", in Su, B.-L.; Sanchez, C.; Yang, X.-Y., Hierarchically Structured Porous Materials: from Nanoscience to Catalysis, Biomedicine, Optics and Energy, Wiley-VCH, 2012, Chapter 4, pp. 55-129.

Invited News & Views article, Stein, A.; "Batteries Taking Charge—Fast", Nature Nanotech. 2011, 6, 262-263.

Li, F.; Josephson, D. P.; Stein, A. "Colloidal Assembly: The Road from Particles to Colloidal Molecules and Crystals", Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2011, 50, 360-388.

Invited News & Views article: Stein, A.; "Thin Films with a Hidden Twist", Nature 2010, 468, 387-388.

Aguirre, C. I.; Reguera, E.; Stein, A.; "Tunable Colors in Opals and Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals", Adv. Funct. Mater. 2010, 2565-2578.

Invited review article: Stein, A.; Wang, Z.; Fierke, M. A.; "Functionalization of Porous Carbon Materials with Designed Pore Architecture", Adv. Mater. 2009, 21, 265-293. (The Early View version of this paper was among the most downloaded papers from Adv. Mater. in November & December 2008).

Invited Highlight article: Stein, A.; Li, F.; Wang, Z.; "Synthesis of shaped particles and particle arrays by disassembly methods", J. Mater. Chem. 2009, 19, 2102-2106.

Invited review article: Stein, A.; Li, F.; Denny, N. R.; “Morphological Control in Colloidal Crystal Templating of Inverse Opals, Hierarchical Structures and Shaped Particles”, Chem. Mater.2008, 20, 649-666.

Invited review: Wang, Z.; Stein, A.; “Morphology Control of Carbon, Silica and Carbon/Silica Nanocomposites: From 3-D Ordered Macro-/Mesoporous Monoliths to Shaped Mesoporous Particles”, Chem. Mater.2008, 20, 1029-1040.

Bobev, S.; Guloy, A. M.; Hwu, S.-J.; Lachgar, A.; Latturner, S. E.; Schaak. R.; Seo, D.-K.; Sevoy, S. C.; Stein, A.; “Synthesis and New Materials,” in “Third Workshop on Future Directions of Solid State Chemistry: The Status of Solid State Chemistry and its Impact in the Physical Sciences”, ed. by M. G. Kanatzidis and K. R. Poeppelmeier, Prog. Solid St. Chem.2007, Volume Date 2008, 36(1-2), 1-133 (7-33). [Abstract]

Invited review chapter: Lytle, J. C.; Stein, A.’ “Recent Progress in Syntheses and Applications of Inverse Opals and Related Macroporous Materials Prepared by Colloidal Crystal Templating” in Annual Reviews of Nano Research, ed. by G. Cao, C. J. Brinker, Vol. 1, 2006, World Scientific Publishing Co. 1-79.

Stein, A.; “Germanium Takes Holey Orders”, Nature 2006, 441, 1055-1056.[Abstract]

Invited review: Stein, A.; "Advances in Microporous and Mesoporous Solids—Highlights of Recent Progress", Adv. Mater. 2003, 15, 763-775.

Invited review chapter: Schroden, R. C.; Stein, A.; "3D Ordered Macroporous Materials", Colloids and Colloid Assemblies: Synthesis, Modification, Organization and Utilization of Colloid Particles, F. Caruso (ed.), Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2004, 465-493.[Abstract]

Invited review chapter: Stein, A.; Schroden, R. C.; "Designing Porous Solids Over Multiple Pore Size Regimes" in Nanostructured Catalysts, edited by S. L. Scott, C. M. Crudden, C. W. Jones, Kluwer-Plenum series on Nanostructure Science and Technology, Vol. 3, 2002, 257-276, Kluwer-Plenum: Dordrecht, Netherlands.[Abstract]

Invited review: Stein, A.; Schroden, R. C.; "Colloidal Crystal Templating of Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous Solids-Materials for Photonics and Beyond", Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science 2001, 5, 553-564.

Invited review: Stein, A.; "Sphere Templating Methods for Periodic Porous Solids", Microporous & Mesoporous Materials 2001, 44-45, 227-239.

Invited review: Blanford, C. F.; Yan, H., Schroden, R. C.; Al-Daous, M.; Stein, A.; "Gems of Chemistry and Physics: Three- Dimensionally Ordered Macroporous (3DOM) Metal Oxides", Adv. Mater. 2001, 13, 401-407.

Invited review chapter: Stein, A.; Melde, B.; "The Role of Surfactants and Amphiphiles in the Synthesis of Porous Inorganic Solids," in Reactions and Synthesis in Surfactant Systems, edited by J. Texter, Chapter 40, Marcel Dekker: New York, 2001, pp. 819-851.[Abstract]

Invited review: Stein, A.; Melde, B. J.; Schroden, R. C.; "Hybrid Inorganic-Organic Mesoporous Silicates - Nanoscopic Reactors Coming of Age", Adv. Mater. 2000, 12, 1403-1419.

Blanford, C.F.; Bentley, J.; Stein, A.; Carter, C.B., "An Investigation into Beam Damage of Mesoporous Materials", Microscopy and Microanalysis 1998, 4, suppl. 2, 712-713.

Blanford, C. F.; Aronson, B. J.; McKernan, S.; Stein, A.; Carter, C. B.; "The Study of Ti—MCM-41 by Tranmission Electron Microscopy", Microscopy and Microanalysis 1997, 3, suppl. 2, 1005-1006.

Stein, A.; "Nitrido-Sodalite Zn6[P12N24] as a Material for Reversible Hydrogen Encapsulation" (invited review), Chemtracts 1997, 10, 882-884.

Stein, A.; Keller, S.W.; Mallouk, T. E.; "Turning Down the Heat: Design and Mechanism in Solid State Synthesis", Science 1993, 259, 1558.

Stein, A.; Wehrle, B.: Jansen, M.; "Nitrogen Incorporation in AlPO4-5 Molecular Sieves by Thermal Ammonolysis", Zeolites 1993, 13, 291.

Glukhovtsev, M. N.; von R. Schleyer, P.; Stein, A.; "Can Four-Center Two-Electron Bonding Alone Provide Stability of a Molecule?", J. Phys. Chem. 1993, 97, 5541.

Stein, A.; Ozin, G. A.; "The Use of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy in the Characterization of Sodalite Framework Materials", FT-IR Spectral Lines 1991, 11, 6, Nicolet Instrument Corporation, Madison, Wisconsin, 53711.

Ozin, G. A.; Kuperman, A.; Stein, A.; "Advanced Zeolite Materials Science", Angew. Chem. Adv. Mater. 1989, 101, 373; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1989, 28, 359.

Education

Schroden, R. C. & Balakrishnan, N. Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals — A Laboratory Guide (http://www.mrsec.umn.edu/mrsec/learningmodulelibrary.html) (University of Minnesota MRSEC, Minneapolis, 2001).[Abstract]

Stein, A.; "The Suggestion Box - An Old Idea Brings the 'Real World' Back to Freshmen Chemistry Students (and Professors)", J. Chem. Ed. 1997, 74, 788-790. [Abstract]