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This report is an overview of the current status of synthesis in solid-state chemistry illustrated by selected new materials. Its main objective is to report on some of the most widely used synthetic strategies applied to a variety of materials, but most importantly to highlight future challenges and opportunities facing solid-state chemists. However, it is almost impossible to provide a comprehensive overview in such a short document due to the large number of existing approaches and their modifications. Thus, the document is rather a cross-section, a snapshot of current synthetic approaches, both classical and emerging new ones, and may reflect to some extent the specific interests of the panel members.